Michael Philips has explored some of the barriers around teachers not adopting technology as part of their every day practice (including being able to access computers during class time).
Examining teachers' beliefs is problematic as it involves inference. Philips asks why we should be looking at beliefs around the adoption of the use of technology. Belief systems have an onion-like structure with core beliefs being the most difficult to influence. There is also a difference between the espoused and enacted beliefs of teachers - with discrepancies occurring between the two, but with one having a strong influence on the other.
He looked at some the 1st and 2nd order barriers, in particular ones that challenge beliefs about teaching and learning. Second order barriers are less tangible and visible.
Philips looked at teacher planning to work out what the relationship is between beliefs, planning and practice. His assertion is that there has only been a small amount of research conducted where the focus is on lesson preparation which he argues has an important relationship with successful teaching practices.
He went out to a private school in Melbourne to conduct the case study. He had two females and two males in the study, and found that a teacher's espoused beliefs about the vlaue of technology are not necessarily reflect in their enacted planning practice. There are many factors that may cause this discrepancy, including self-efficacy of ICT literacy.
Philip's findings, while based on a small case study, offer some key indications as to how beliefs and planning are intricately connected - and the findings may well offer some insights to those practitioners involved in teacher development.
Phillips, M. (2010). Teachers’ beliefs and their influence on technology adoption. In D. Gronn, & G. Romeo (Eds) ACEC2010: Digital Diversity. Conference Proceedings of the Australian Computers in Education Conference 2010, Carlton, Victoria: Australian Council for Computers in Education.
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